Phormium, New Zealand Flax

Phormium, New Zealand Flax

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New Zealand flax is a superb plant with a generous and colorful clump.

Ideal in a pot on a terrace, we also like it in a sunny garden.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Phormium
Family : Agavaceae
Type : Perennial

: 2 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Well drained

: Persistent
Flowering : June to August

New Zealand flax plantation

New Zealand flax is planted ideally in spring in a sunny place.

Her low hardiness because it will be difficult to resist negative temperatures (maximum -6 °), it will need to be grown in pots and sheltered in winter.

  • In pots you will only use potting soil
  • In the earth you will make a mixture of soil + soil from the garden
  • In all cases the soil must be well drained
  • Multiplication by division after flowering in autumn.

Pruning, caring for New Zealand flax

After flowering, remove the flower stems by cutting as short as possible.

  • Do not remove the leaves until they are wilted.
  • Protect the foot in winter with a good mulch of dried leaves
  • If it is in a pot, store it in a frost-free place but not in a heated room

Watering New Zealand Flax

Phormium needs to be watered when the soil is dry between waterings, especially when growing in pots.

In the ground, water generously when it is hot and especially during the first 2 years.

Good to know about New Zealand flax

Beautiful clump, New Zealand flax is a very pretty perennial with a bushy habit which is particularly suited to the pot culture on your patio or balcony, especially if the winter is cold.

Its foliage takes, depending on the variety, purple, bronze, green and sometimes striped hues.

As the name suggests, this plant is from New Zealand. It is widely found in the thickets and swamps of New Zealand.

New Zealand flax cask widely used (and still now) by the Maori for many uses such as making baskets or clothing. Its roots even have disinfectant properties

Smart tip about New Zealand flax

A mineral mulching highlights this perennial with various colors.

Video: Protect Your Phormiums (July 2022).


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